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Signs of Bruising After Childbirth

After traveling through the mother’s birth canal, it is normal for an infant to have some bruises. However, there are times when the bruising an infant suffered is severe. The causes of serious bruises can sometimes be linked to negligence on the part of the physician or hospital that is handling your pregnancy. Doctors and hospitals have an obligation to avoid injuring your child during labor and the failure to diagnose a dangerous situation for an infant may mean they are liable for the child’s injuries. If a negligent medical practitioner injured your child, you should consult with an experienced Baltimore bruising birth injury attorney. At Bennett & Heyman, P.A., our Baltimore personal injury attorneys will work with you to hold a negligent hospital or physician accountable for their mistakes. In this article, our attorneys explain some common signs of bruising after childbirth.

Symptoms of Infant Bruising

There are several signs and symptoms of infant bruising after childbirth. Many of the signs of bruising will occur within hours after delivery. It is important to ensure that your physician makes an effort to search for and diagnose any bruises that your child might have sustained. Failure to diagnose a serious bruise can lead to your child developing a condition that could affect their development. The following is a list of signs and symptoms of infant bruising that you should be on the lookout for.

Skin Discoloration

One of the easiest ways to notice that your child may have a bruise is by examining discolored areas of their skin. Skin discoloration usually occurs because the blood vessels near the surface of the child’s skin rupture and cause the skin to turn bluish or purple. Discolored or bruised skin can be anywhere on an infant’s body, so you should ensure that you search for any unusual spots on your child.


Some infants can suffer from a condition known as caput succedaneum (CS) or swelling of the head. CS typically affects the soft tissues of an infant’s scalp. This condition is often caused when the child’s head is pressured by the vaginal wall during labor and may also cause the brain to be cut off from an adequate supply of blood.

If a woman is having a difficult labor, it is the responsibility of the physician to suggest alternative birthing methods like a cesarean section or the use of birthing tools. A physician that allows a child to remain in distress during labor when alternative options are available can be liable for bruises the child sustains.

Pooling of Blood

Cephalohematoma is a condition that occurs when blood begins to pool under an infant’s skull. It is typically identified by a lump on top of the baby’s head. Cephalohematoma is often caused when medical practitioners use too much force when delivering a child or incorrectly use birthing tools like forceps. If this condition does not heal within a few weeks, it may cause your child to develop other dangerous conditions.


Hemophilia is an illness that causes the blood in a person’s body to become incapable of clotting. If your child’s blood cannot clot, he or she will have difficulty controlling bleeding. This inability to clot will make it easier to suffer from bruises that could take a substantial amount of time to heal.

This list is not meant to be exhaustive. There are other signs and symptoms of infant bruising that are not listed above. To learn more about infant bruising, you should speak with an experienced Baltimore medical malpractice lawyer.

Common Causes of Bruising Birth Injuries

Bruising birth injuries are often caused by minor trauma associated with childbirth. However, there are times when a hospital or negligent doctor is responsible for your injuries.

One way that a bruising birth injury could occur is when a doctor negligently uses birth-assisting tools like forceps and vacuum suctions. Physicians should exercise care when using these devices because if they pull too hard, they can risk leaving the child with a serious bruise or worse.

Additionally, if a physician perceives that your child is in distress during delivery, they should have a plan to minimize injuries to your child. Physicians who do not take action during a critical point in the delivery can be liable for your child’s bruises.

Baltimore Bruising Birth Injury Lawyers for Mothers and Families

If your child was the victim of a bruising birth injury because of a negligent healthcare professional in Maryland, you should contact an experienced attorney for help. The birth injury lawyers at Bennett & Heyman, P.A. understand how difficult it can be to see your child in pain due to a medical mistake that could have been avoided, and we are here to fight for you. To schedule a free legal consultation, contact us online or at 410-429-7856.

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